I thought that people here talking of a drought were being a little over-dramatic, but two weeks of bright sunshine certainly checked the growth of the grass and I have yet to hear the drone of forage harvesters cutting silage. Just a bit more time for the early purple orchids and the ground nesting birds (in nearby fields a couple of pairs of curlews embody the triumph of hope over experience).
A fine steady rain began early yesterday evening and continued until after 7 this morning. I woke to a transformed garden. On the trees the green leaves were "all in a rush" as Hopkins wrote. During the last six months I could look out of the kitchen window and see the road half a mile away. Recently there have just been glimpses of the traffic but today the road is completely invisible. My garden is totally enclosed by the leaves.
The delft porcelain blue and white of the bluebells and wild cherry blossom has gone. White petals have blown away like snowflakes and the bluebells are starting to shrivel and fade.
On the grass verges the cheerful yellow of the ubiquitous dandelion has been replaced by the greyish white "clocks" that, as a child, I loved to blow.
Soft fontanelle of flower
puffball of light
one day everything is green and yellow
a week later a million poised parachutes
strain between delay and departure
a child's view of time
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
fragile indestructible ephemeral
these clocks belie the sundial's hours
tell the blowing child of freedom
seeds floating into the future
whirligig of hairs reaching out
each fruit hooked
to lodge in the earth
lion's tooth root devouring time
© Mary Robinson 2010
from The Art of Gardening Mary Robinson (Flambard 2010)
Sunday, 7 May 2017
air’s damp linen breath,
the shadow play of chestnut leaves –
limp parasols –
against the shed
on pinewood boards,
cherry trees clustering
their snow blossom
and bluebells’ azure haze
in their hedge vocations,
a willow warbler
so close I see its eyestripe,
its eye’s defiant shine
iterations of bird song,
a fugue without a score.
I think of those
who make notes
and drawings in war,
who, like Elijah, are kept by birds.
© Mary Robinson 2018
The glorious weather we’ve experienced in Cumbria this week has caught us by surprise, as the weather in the British Isles usually does. Blue skies and brilliant sunshine have made everyone more cheerful and we go round happily talking in clichés – Isn’t it a lovely day? Isn’t it wonderful to see the sunshine? Long may it last etc, etc.
This poem, a quick sketch really, was jotted down a few days ago. I woke early and wanted to get something down to respond to another beautiful morning.
Is this a cop-out when the radio news reminds me daily that so many people are living under very different (and difficult) circumstances from my own? I thought of the ways that birds have helped people to survive. This took me back to the story of Elijah fed by ravens in the Bible (Norman Nicholson relocated this story to a Cumbrian setting in his poem ‘The Raven’). But it also took me to ‘those/who make notes/and drawings in war’ – specifically I was thinking of those who were interned in prisoner of war camps during the Second World War . Some of them – for example, Peter Conder, John Buxton, George Waterston, John Barrett – went on to play an active part in post-war nature conservation. They were metaphorically fed by birds.
Wednesday, 26 April 2017
A few days on the Llŷn Peninsula last week and I delighted in the prolific spring flowers. Blackthorn blossomed along narrow lanes; wood anemones, primroses and violets flourished on grass verges. Beneath the trees of Nanhoran woods bluebells were a deep azure blue as far as the eye could see, the colour like a haze hovering above the ground (Christine Evans’ poem ‘Bluebells in Nanhoran’ – in Growth Rings – captures them perfectly). And of course everywhere there was the coconut scent of gorse and brilliant splashes of yellow gorse flowers. To me gorse gold is a separate colour.
Graham Sutherland’s ‘Gorse on a Sea Wall’ is on the cover of Too Brave to Dream, the latest posthumous gathering of poems by R S Thomas. These previously unpublished poems were discovered between the pages of two books, Art Now by Herbert Read (1933) and Surrealism, essays edited by Read (1936). The poems have been dated to between 1987 and 1993, and were interleaved with the paintings to which they refer. The dating is evidenced by the reverse of the poems which are typed on previously used paper (the notes in the book reveal the fascinating minutiae on the reverse of the reused paper – letters, draft poetic fragments, jottings).
The book is beautifully produced by Bloodaxe in a perfect-bound square format paperback with good reproductions of the relevant picture alongside each poem – excellent value at £12.
Ekphrasis (a verbal description of a visual work of art) is a good escape from writer’s block and R S Thomas admitted that he sometimes wrote poems on paintings ‘to get myself back into writing’ during ‘a blank period’ of ‘poetic dryness’.
R S Thomas’s wife, Elsi, herself an accomplished artist, was not enthusiastic: ‘A painting is paint not words ... I think Between Here and Now [an ekphrastic collection published in 1981] is not a good idea because it deals with the meaning behind the painting, not with the paint – for he had never seen any of them. What a tangle, quite impossible to express.’ Perhaps these comments suggest the tensions within the Thomas household rather than the quality of the poems.
In Too Brave to Dream it is the meanings Thomas finds behind the paintings that make the poems so interesting. They are ‘a conversion experience, since [they] involve translating one’s response from one medium, one language, to another, which is profoundly different’ (as M Wynn Thomas said of the reverse process of artists producing work to accompany R S Thomas’s poems in the exhibition Inspiration held at Plas Glyn y Weddw in 1995).
In Edvard Munch’s ‘House in Aasgaardstrand’ (1905) the poet makes us observe the figures in the bottom right hand corner:
‘who, in anticipation of time
as though like the Gestapo
it would arrive in
its van to take them away,
have gone underground.’
Some of the poems have an added dimension of intertextuality. On Eugène Berman’s ‘Evening in Venice’ (1931) R S Thomas writes of ‘the author/of the death of a young man’, an allusion to Thomas Mann’s Death in Venice. There are references in other poems to Plato, Shakespeare, the Bible, Greek myth, Dostoevsky, Wallace Stevens.
The poems have the economy and simplicity of form and the intuitive fracturing line-breaks that are hallmarks of R S Thomas’s work. Unusually there are only three references to God. Here is the poet on Yves Tanguy’s ‘The Extinction of the Species’ (1936):
‘... the appearance
is of a landscape God
looked at once and from which
later he withdrew his gaze.’
Several of the paintings – and their accompanying poems – are disturbing. The title of the collection is taken from the poem on Henry Moore’s ‘Shelter Drawing’ (1941) of sleepers in the London underground during the Blitz. Survivors poke amongst the remains of ‘others/who were too brave to dream’. Dreaming here suggests escapist fantasy and not facing up to reality. Perhaps the most shocking poem is the scatological response to André Derain’s ‘Portrait of the Artist’.
But there is ‘love that will bring on the thaw’ at the end of the poem on Jindřich Štyrský’s ‘Man Fed on Ice’ (1934) and the poem on Graham Sutherland’s ‘Gorse on a Sea Wall’ (1939) is one which came alive for me this week:
‘Gorse is gorse.
It never goes off
the gold standard, smells
warm and insinuating
as a creature with fur.’
Thursday, 20 April 2017
In a week when every news bulletin seems to ratch up another shock 'The Great Passon' restored a sense of perspective.
What a wonderful BBC radio 4 play this was - based on Johann Sebastian Bach's composition of the St Matthew Passion in 1727. Whatever one's belief or lack of it the play was a moving imagining of the creation of this great work of music. The play provided an intimate view of the Bach household with his wife Anna Magdalena smoothing over troubled waters, rehearsing wobbly singers and coping with the stillbirth of her child. Bach came over as younger, less forbidding and more vulnerable than the famous portraits of him as an irascible bewigged middle aged man. He still lived life on a short fuse but Anna Magdalena knew he was a driven man ('Nothing is ever enough' he says towards the end of the play) but there were also moments of great tenderness between him and his young wife.
We heard sections of the St Matthew Passion throughout the play and a good long chunk at the end. These were performed by the choristers of St Mary's music school and the incomparable Dunedin Consort. The music of the Passion is breath-stopping.
There is another 25 days to catch James Runcie's brilliant play on iplayer, with Simon Russell Beale as Bach and Melody Grove as Anna Magdalena. Highly recommended.
Friday, 14 April 2017
The pick of the bunch - the Scottish Poetry Library has just published its annual guest-selected 20 "Best Scottish Poems", this time edited by Catherine Lockerbie.
It's a wonderfully varied list and balanced equally between male and female poets. The poems are all on the SPL website, together with comments by the writer and the selector, and sometimes with a recording of the poet reading his/her work ("Outwith" is brilliantly performed by Katie Ailes).
The subject matter includes the personal (Michael Faber's "Don't hesitate to ask"), social comment (Pippa Little's refugee poem "For Refuge" and Kate Tough's "People made Glasgow" are not to be missed), animals (sheep, pony, herring gull, cat). There are poems on physics (J O Morgan's "We used to think the universe was made of" and Pippa Goldschmidt's "Physics for the unwary student") and list poems (Claire Askew's "Catalogue of my Grandmother's Sayings" and Andy Jackson's "Enquiry Desk"). There is a wry humour to several of the poems. There are poems in Gaelic and Scots and Standard English.
I have two particular favourites.
James Aitchison's "Anthem"is a home-coming poem, about returning to Scotland, to "this land / of small things" - dwarf ferns, newts, frogs, a mistle thrush. It's a fine poem where ageing and mortality are part of the natural course of things.
Angus Peter Campbell's "Aig Cladh Hallan" / "At Hallan Cemetery" is reproduced in both Gaelic and English versions. Despite the title it is anything but gloomy:
"This is the time, he says,
to honour everything that is alive."
To me there was an added dimension to this poem because I have been to Hallan several times when walking in the Outer Hebrides. What finer place could there be to be buried than this western machair shore of South Uist with the sound of corn-crakes and oyster-catchers, the profusion of machair flowers and the Atlantic waves breaking on the shore?
To browse the poems go to www.scottishpoetrylibrary.org.uk and click on Poetry and then scroll down to Best Scottish Poems.
Monday, 3 April 2017
and other poems
Here we are, past the equinox, and all that photosynthesis is hurtling towards summer. Every day I notice another flower to add to the spring tally – primroses, honesty, violets, wood anemones, ladies’ smocks, bluebells, and dandelions everywhere, making the predominant grass verge colour yellow, despite the daffodils starting to brown round the edges.
But there were still streaks of snow in north facing gullies on Skiddaw today as I drove towards Cockermouth. The literature discussion group I started several years ago is still going strong. Today we all brought a spring poem to share. I was both surprised and delighted to be invited to read my own poem “This crazy time of year” from The Art of Gardening. It’s encouraging when people remember my poems! I made a list of the other poems that were shared:
e.e. cummings “Spring is like a perhaps hand” [never use ‘perhaps’ is common creative writing advice!]
Seamus Heaney “Death of a naturalist”
John Clare “Peewit’s nest”
Edward Thomas “Adlestrop”
Gerard Manley Hopkins “Pied Beauty”
Robert Browning “Home Thoughts from Abroad”
Philip Larkin “At Grass”
John Clare “Summer Amusements”
Gillian Clarke “Miracle on St David’s Day”.
My poem includes the lines
“In sandy fields ribbed with green
lapwings tumble, polishing
their wit with constant repetition”.
But this spring I have not seen or heard lapwings and neither had anyone else. They are on the UK red list of conservation concern. But we saw them very clearly in John Clare’s poem, “The peewit’s nest”. He describes the nest on the bare earth, the greenish eggs speckled with different colours (including “chocolate” prompting speculation as to where Clare would have seen/consumed this luxury item), the chicks newly hatched running around with half a shell on their heads. The flocks must have been numbered in their thousands in Clare’s day.
I was going to read Les Murray’s “The Broad Bean Sermon” (reprinted in On Bunyah which I am reading at the moment) but decided to redress the gender imbalance slightly by sharing Gillian Clarke’s “Miracle on St David’s Day”, a poem which always sends shivers down my spine. Outside the daffodils flowered high above the river Derwent, the same river which flows past Wordsworth’s birthplace a short distance upstream in Cockermouth.